The main purpose of The Cancer Research Laboratory is to conduct basic research on cancer. The laboratory is under the direction of two professors at the Faculty of Medicine, Helga Ögmundsdóttir and Jórunn Erla Eyfjörð and includes a staff of two specialists along with one post-doctoral fellow and approximately ten master‘s and doctoral students.
The Molecular and Cell Biology Research Laboratory of the Icelandic Cancer Society was established in 1987 and opened formally in March 1988. At the end of 2006 the laboratory was transferred to the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Iceland. The move to new premises on the 4th floor of Læknagarður has created new opportunities for collaborations and the laboratory is one of the founder members of the Biomedical Center (BMC) of the University of Iceland.